KOMPAS.com – Providing complete basic and routine immunizations for children is a form of long-term investment for the nation’s generation from the threat of dangerous infectious diseases in their growth and development.
The chairman of the National Immunization Expert Advisory Committee (ITAGI), Prof. Dr. Dr. Sri Rezeki Hadinegoro, Sp.A(K) said complete basic immunization for children should not be underestimated.
Sri explained that child immunization is one of the efforts to form a healthy generation, which is to protect the nation’s generation from the threat of dangerous infectious diseases through gradual preventive or preventive steps starting with immunization of infants and children.
However, Sri admitted, the condition of the Covid-19 pandemic has indeed made some parents worried about giving immunizations for their children.
Whereas basic immunization is important for infants and children until the age of 18 months to protect against various other dangerous diseases that have been running so far.
“If many infants and toddlers do not receive complete basic immunization, there will be outbreaks of various diseases that can be prevented by immunization (PD3I) which will result in many children being seriously ill, disabled or dead,” Sri said at the 2022 World Immunization Week Press Conference. , Thursday (14/4/2022).
Also read: Child Basic Immunization Was Delayed, What Should I Do?
Immunization is an effort to actively induce or increase a person’s immunity to a disease, so that if one day they are exposed to the disease, they will not get sick or only experience mild illness.
Acting Director of Immunization Management, Ministry of Health, Dr. Prima Yosephine, MKM said immunization will form specific antibodies in individuals against certain diseases and is expected to limit transmission to other groups.
Prima reminded that complete basic immunization alone is not enough to provide protection against PD3I, because some antigens require a booster.
That way, parents also still have to give a follow-up dose of immunization at the age of 18 months, school age in the School Child Immunization Month program (BIAS) and adult age (WUS).
“Let’s prevent disease transmission, epidemics, serious illness, disability and death of infants and toddlers with complete basic immunizations and follow-up immunizations, to build a healthy and prosperous young generation of Indonesia,” he explained.
The following is a list of several types of complete and advanced basic immunizations that should be given to children.
Also read: Ministry of Health Reminds Children Basic Immunizations Must Be Done During a Pandemic
Complete basic immunization, in infants aged 0-11 months
- HB0 immunization 1 dose, at the age of the baby less than 24 hours
- BCG immunization 1 dose, at the age of 1 month baby
- 3 doses of DPT-HB-Hib immunization, at 2 months, 3 months and 4 months of age
- Polio immunization drops (OPV) 4 doses, at the age of 1 month, 2 months, 3 months, and 4 months
- Rubella measles immunization 1 dose, given when the baby is 9 months old.
Advanced immunization under two years (infants under 2 years), for children aged 18-24 months
- 1 dose of DPT-HB-Hib immunization, given to infants aged 18 months
- Rubella measles immunization 1 dose, given to infants aged 18 months.
Advanced immunization for elementary school children/equivalent
Secondary immunization for elementary school children or its equivalent is usually given in the annual BIAS (School Child Immunization Month) program.
The immunizations given to children are Measles Rubella and DT for grade 1 children, Td for grade 2 and 5. In addition, there is also an HPV vaccine for schoolgirls aged 9-18 years.
HB immunization is the Hepatitis B vaccine given to prevent Hepatitis B, which can cause hardening of the liver which can lead to liver failure and liver cancer.
Also read: World Immunization Week 2022: Complete Immunization in Indonesia Declines During the Covid-19 Pandemic
BCG (Bacille Calmette-Guerin) immunization is a vaccine for tuberculosis made from attenuated tuberculosis bacilli by culturing in artificial media for many years.
The BCG vaccine is useful for reducing to preventing the risk of contracting the germs that cause tuberculosis by up to 70 percent.
Polio immunization drops are given to prevent paralytic wilt. Injectable polio immunization will be given once at the age of 4 months so that the immunity formed is more perfect.
Measles immunization is given to prevent measles which can cause severe pneumonia (pneumonia), diarrhea or attack the brain.
MR immunization is given to prevent measles as well as rubella.
Rubella in children is a mild disease, but if it is transmitted to pregnant women, especially in the early period of pregnancy, it can result in miscarriage or babies born with congenital defects, such as deafness, cataracts, and congenital heart problems.
The DPT-HB-Hib vaccine is given to prevent 6 diseases, namely diphtheria, pertussis, tetanus, hepatitis B, pneumonia (inflammation of the lungs), and meningitis (inflammation of the lining of the brain) caused by Hib infection.
Also read: Why Should Children Still Get Basic Immunizations During a Pandemic?
Get updates selected news and latest news every day from Kompas.com. Let’s join the Telegram group “Kompas.com News Update”, how to click the link https://t.me/kompascomupdate, then join. You must first install the Telegram application on your cellphone.